p.p1 cause of this disease. Despite the

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Alzheimer’s Disease is a neurodegenerative disease and the most common form of dementia, it primarily affects the elderly and there is not yet any cure that is proven to reverse or stop the progression and effects of this disease. The disease causes those affected by it to forget things more and more as the disease progresses and become confused or disoriented more easily. These symptoms a grow worse and worse over time and the affected are eventually unable to properly care for themselves and often must go into full-time care until they die.It is not yet known exactly what causes the neurodegenerative process to begin but there is a clear link to large numbers of amyloid plaques in the brain but it cannot be confirmed that these are the cause of the disease as they can only be found in the brain after death.1 As a result, it cannot be confirmed that these plaques are the cause of the disease because with the current methods available it cannot be shown that the amyloid plaques are the first lesions that appear on the brain in the process of the disease.1 But unfortunately this theory cannot be fully developed at this time due to limits in the technology for examining the brain of living people with Alzheimer’s Disease and there are few theories that are as promising as this one for finding the cause of this disease. Despite the lack of knowledge about whether or not the amyloid plaques are the first lesions to appear on the brain in the progression of Alzheimer’s Disease, there has been research into what may cause the plaques to develop. The research has progressed in many different directions but one of the most notable of these is Genetics. It has been proven that there is no gene that is the sole cause of the disease and there have been studies done on identical twins that have shown that just because one of the twins has developed Alzheimer’s Disease does not mean that the other twin will.2 However, having a closely related family member such as a sibling or parent with Alzheimer’s Disease means that the risk of also developing Alzheimer’s Disease is up to 3 times higher, this clearly shows that genetics has a significant impact on the progression of the disease.2 This is important because it means people can find out if they are likely to develop the disease and prepare themselves for that possibility as well as alter their lifestyle to be more mentally, socially and physically active which can reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer’s Disease.2Unfortunately, there is no working cure at this time, this is partially due to the lack of a definite cause of the disease as this means scientists and researchers don’t fully understand what is needed to stop and prevent the disease, let alone how to achieve this. As a result, what is mostly being worked on, besides the cause of the disease, is how to delay the disease’s progress and extend the life-spans of those diagnosed with the disease.2 This is can be done through medications designed to allow those diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease to maintain their ability to think clearly and continue to live as normally as possible for as long as possible. They can also use drugs that are not Alzheimer’s-specific to control the mood swings and sleeping problems that the disease can cause.2

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