Only have association to respondents’ resiliency to

Only the monthly income was
shown to have association with mitigation activities of residents in Barangay
Santo Domingo with a p-value of 0.005. The correlation value is 0.3328 – having
strong association where 0.01-0.10 weak correlation; 0.11-0.30 moderate
correlation; more than 0.30 strong correlation. As shown in table 2, respondents
with higher income would tend to do measures for mitigation as they have
financial capability to do so as compared to the respondents with low income.
This conforms to the findings of Reganit (2005) in his study on coping
mechanisms on flooding which shows that income affects the coping mechanisms at
different stages of flooding – before, during and after. Households with lower
income are more vulnerable than households with higher income, as those that
have higher income can introduce measures that could make them safe. Likewise,
they can recover easier given that they have the financial capability (Reganit,
2005).

 

 

 

 

Table
3. Correlation of socio-economic profile of respondents’ to their typhoon resilience

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Socio-economic parameters

p-value

Age

1.000

Gender

0.171

Highest
Education Attainment

1.000

Work

0.350

Monthly
Income

0.684

Number
of Household Members

0.336

Media
Access

1.000

House
Ownership

*0.057

House
Structure

0.664

 

When it to comes to
resilience, which means the ability to “spring back from” a shock (UNISDR,
2009), as shown in Table 3 only the house ownership is found to have
association with a p-value of 0.057. The correlation value is 0.2075 – having
moderate association, where 0.01-0.10 weak correlation; 0.11-0.30 moderate
correlation; more than 0.30 strong correlation. This can be relate to the fact
that people tend to be more concern (e.g. to repair their houses after
typhoons) if they own the house, for their safety and for them to be more
prepared for other calamities to come, than when they are just renting or
living with friends and/or relatives. Additionally, according to the United
Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR, 2009), the
resilience of a community in relation to potential hazard events is determined
by the degree to which the community has the necessary resources (e.g.
financial resources) and is capable of organizing itself both prior to and
during times of need. However, for the case of Santo Domingo, income does not
have association to respondents’ resiliency to typhoon since majority of the
respondents have a very low income.