modified ears to swell and widen. After

modified
genetic instructions. This long and painful transformation from human to
werewolf can take up to six weeks to complete. 4 (Fvza.org, 2017)

Werewolf
transformations are said to only occur on a full moon as the moon was
originally only one of the possible causes of lycanthropy. Today, many people
will still associate the moon with werewolves. Only transforming and coming out
at night means that werewolves are nocturnal organisms. The earliest changes
from human to a werewolf is the eyesight, hearing and scent of smell. Firstly,
the eyes become irritated and begin to appear bloodshot as the formation of the
tapetum lucidum tissue behind the
retina improves the night vision. The sclera becomes inflamed and darkens to a browner
or black tone. Next, the iris and cornea slowly expands for more surface and it
makes the pupils appear smaller. Besides the eyes beginning to change and
transform, so does the hearing and scent of smell. These senses will further
sharpen as the hearing range quickly triples and the cartilage production
causes the nose and ears to swell and widen. After the sensory changes start
taking place, there is a dramatic change of the external appearance from the
human to a werewolf. 7 (Mentalfloss.com, 2017)

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As
said before, there will be an increase in body and facial hair. While the hair
becomes thicker over the following day, the hands, feet and face become bruised
and swollen. Soon this swelling and bruising will eventually spread towards the
rest of the body as the person will be experiencing their new bone growth. As
more body hair is grown, their sweat gland use will become irrelevant to sweat
everywhere expect their palms or soles. Like wolves, werewolves will be able to
cool off and decrease the temperature mainly by breathing and panting. This is
due to the fluid evaporation cooling the blood vessels of the lungs and tongue.
In addition to this, heat can also be lost through the ears, face and inner
thighs because of the lighter hair and thinner skin. Furthermore, when the
hands and feet begin to swell and become bruised, the nails and toes can come
loose and will soon fall out as the bones grow into hooked claws which will
slowly flare up from the former nail beds because of the keratin forming round the
new quicker ones. The claws can start off small but can grow to over six inches
long with thickness. Just like the claws, a werewolf’s human teeth will come
loose and fall out over the course of time. This is because larger and sharper
replacement teeth grow in their place. Whilst this is happening, the skull and
jawbone becomes larger and more elongated. Instead of the werewolf having a
total of thirty-two teeth like humans, they will instead have up to forty-two
teeth. This will include four canines, twelve incisors, sixteen premolars and
ten molar teeth like a wolf itself. However, many changes of a werewolf’s
appearance is a direct result of adaption to the muscular and skeletal system. 3
(DeviantArt, 2017)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The
skeletal system of a werewolf is more similar to a bear rather than a wolf
itself. There are some differences to their skeletal system, such as the eye
sockets and cranium have a similar attachment point to the spine, the upper
torso is smaller with broader shoulders and intact clavicles, the pelvis is
bigger and can be wider with a long tail, the hind legs and feet are more
extended and the five digits are on each paw and foot arranged in an arc. The
average height for a fully grown werewolf can range from seven to nine feet
tall. The height of the werewolf can also depend on whether they’re standing on
their hind legs. As the skeleton begins to change, so will the muscular system.
Once the werewolf is at an early stage, the muscles will become several times
stronger. In fact, over the next several weeks the muscle growth will continue
to develop significantly. This will make the werewolf fifteen to twenty times
stronger before the transformation and will be able to run at a speed of fifty
to sixty mph. As well as this, the muscles and skeleton will become thicker and
more durable depending on the age. However, muscularly werewolves will be more
similar with primates than they are with wolves. Another system that will also
begin to change is the circulatory system within the transformation of a human
being to a werewolf.

The
circulatory system and the body temperature of a wolf will not change greatly
from compared to when they were human. A significant change is a radical
increase in the size of the organ and the volume of blood for the supply of its
larger body mass. When the transformation process begins, it makes the werewolf
more susceptible to chest injuries due to the increased reliance on the organ
as the werewolf will experience a decreased resting heart rate of around forty
to fifty bpm. 

Conclusion:

Overall,
there are many factors to consider whether werewolves are fact or fiction. For
example, there is lack of evidence on werewolves and not much has been
researched to know if it is fact or fiction. However, other factors such as
media or dramatizations in films can differ opinions on the werewolf itself. As
well as this, people in the past history have been executed for showing signs
of being a werewolf or in fact been accused of being one.