INTRODUCTION There is no doubt that once

 

INTRODUCTION

With the changes brought
about by the technologies efforts to preserve cultural heritage is a challenge
to many people and a responsibility as well. Preserving cultual heritage is
economical, historical, and a process. Cebu city has contributed well to the
Philippines  history and culture. From
historical building and places to cultural traditions. Cebuanos even give a lot
of  contributions to the history and
culture.

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Cultural Heritage is the
people’s historical past that we want to 
preserved for the future . According to Merrism Webster Dictionary
(2017), Culture is the customary beliefs, social forms and material traits of a
racial, religious or social group, also the characteristic features of eveyday
existence shared by people in a place or time.

One of the cultures of cebu
city is the tartanilla. It was brought about by the spanish conquest and were
important modes of transportation not just in cebu but also throughout the
Philippines during the past decades. They were the most used type of transportation
before vehicles came. Before the tartanilla used to crowed the streets of Leon
Kilat, Sanciangco and Tres de Abril. This time, Tartanillas can be found along
the streets of Duljo. You can ride a tartanilla for a very cheap fare.
Tartanilla can roam around the three streets namely, Pasil, Taboan, and Duljo
Streets . Pasil is widely known as a fish market and a place where you can buy
fresh seafoods. There is no doubt that once upon a time the tartanilla earned
the reputation as king of the road but because of the drastic change to our
economy, from vehicles, cars and many mode of transportation, tartanilla may
perish and may be gone on the streets. Letting tartanilla be erased in the mind
of youth and to the next generation is like forgetting the culture that once
mad Philippines known, it is in this light that this research is conducted to
preserve the tartanillas in Pasil and be able to give the future a legacy.

Statement of the Problem

The study aims to preserve
the culture of Pasil, the tartanilla, to let the next generation experience and
see it visibly. The research question that guided this study were:

What are the ways the ways
in preserving the tartanilla culture and what are the perceptions of many
people with regard to this.

Scope and Delimitation

With the sample size of 100
people living in pasil they will be questioned about the safetyness,
availability and fare of the tartanilla. Pofile of the students was delimited
to age, gender, address, and educational attainment. Their deision about their perception
in preserving this culture is based on their own views of the topic.the study
was limited to Duljo, Pasil, and Tacloban where the tartanilla is mostly seen
to be used as transportation.

Significance of the Study

The ultimate goal of this
research is to peserve the culture of 
Pasil which is the tartanilla and to educate the people about
tartanilla. It is hoped that people with greater insight to tartanilla will be
able to help in preserving this. Furthermore, preserving this culture  may help increase the income of  the people whose main source of income is
tartanilla. This will also enable the youth to understand why there is a need
to preserve it and this will equip them in the future about cultural history of
Cebu. In addition, future researchers will be able also to used the
informations of this study for their own rsearch to be done.

 Review of Related Literature

On
Cultural Heritage. The preservation of Cultural Heritage is
central to protecting  a sense of who we
are, a meaningful reference in our culturally 
diverse world (Banjo, 1997). Cultural Heritage fall under different
types:

(a)  Built
Heritage:  should be deemed to mean those
buildings, artifacts, structures, areas and precints that are of historic,
aesthetic, architectural or cultural significance and should include natural
features within such areas of precints of environmental significance or scenic
beauty such as sacred groves, hills, hillocks, water bodies and many more. On a
daily basis we are reminded of historic events and past lives through the built
legacy around us.

(b)  Natural
Heritage: Includes all components of our natural surroundings which have not
been created by man which are of cultural, aesthetic, spritual, biotic or
ecological value and which could also be of directly  usable resource value.

(c)  Artifacts:  Something 
made or given shape by man, such as tool or a work of art, esp. an
object of archaelogical interest. An artifact is an object recovered by
archaeological endeavor , which may have a cultural interest.

Again,  cultural heritage is made for a reason and is
need a special way on how to preserve it based 
on its type.  In order to
understand these type of heritage  there
are certain aspects to consider. These are Historical Significances- the
relationship to historical era, person or event, Social Significances- refers
to social, spritual and other community oriented values attributed to a place,
Aesthetic Significances-refers to this special sense of importance of a place
and Scientific Significances- refers to the scope or possibility of scientific
findings from a site, monument or place. Thus it is highly important  to understand and determine the significances
before embarking on a heritage project.

 

 Community Involvement in Heritage
Conservation. The concept of the community being involve in
conservation was introduced in Europe in the mid- 1970’s, as stated in the
declaration of Amsterdam (1975) “the architectural heritage will survive only
if it would be valued by the public, especially the younger generation.” Nairobi
UNESCO Recommendation (1976) after one year rounded off that the contribution
of every individual or collective, residents and users, separately or together,
should be encouraged to provide suggestions and play their role as part of the
community. In addition, most of the convocation, declarations, charters,
resolutions and recommendations on protecting and preserving heritage published
after the mid- 1970s declared that community involvement in the protection and
conservation of cultural heritage should be embolden and ameliorated. According
to the World bank (1994), the level of community involvement is divided into
two levels: low and high. Low level participation applies one-way communication
like sharing information or consultation. While the high-level paarticipation
is achieved by collaboration and empowerment in the transfer of control over
decisions or resources.

 

Methodology:

This qualitative
research  was undetaken in order to
explore the perceptions of the people in Pasil about preserving the tartanilla
and used it for transportation.

Research Questions:

1.   
How safetyness affect the decision of people
to preserve it?

2.   
How does their experience on tartanilla shape
their decision?

3.   
How does the geogaphical area affect the used
of tartanilla?

4.   
What makes them ride tartanilla? Is fare has
something to do with this?

5.   
How do people in pasil cope in riding
tartanilla everyday?

Research Design:

This study used the case
study method  of conducting a
research.  The principal purpose of the
researchers was to discover what is their decision whether they agree to
preserve tartanilla or they disagree based on their experienced.

Research Locale:

This study takes place in
Pasil, Cebu city. And the respondents were the residents in Pasil.

Sample or the Respondents:

In order to get enough
respondents to sustain datas we were able to used Purposive Sampling because
the main people that is needed in the interviews are the people in Pasil who
used tartanilla as for transportation and 
has experienced of using or riding tartanilla. Specifically, Creswell
(2005) listed nine types of purposive sampling 
and based on the list and the data that we need to have we come up in
using a typical sample . As of 2015 the population of Pasil is 8,593 according
to the website of Cebu city- Philippine Barangay Population. We get a sample of
150 respondents as  representative.

Research Instruments:

We used unstructured  questionnaire as research instruments in
collecting data in order for the respondent 
to express his or her opinions from a set of options.

Data Collection Procedure:

Once we are done in deciding
what design our research is going to be based on,the next step that we are
going to do is we will continue following the systematic procedure and start
working data collection. The data we are going to collect must be relevant to
the study  and we should also be aware of
the difficulties along the way. In qualitative research as we used
questionnaire to gather datas we need to understand that this needs
supervisions.