In the same way, in time of emergency
like fire and flood or drowning of woman in river etc man is allowed to touch a
woman. A woman can also appear without veil before a judge.19
According to Muslim scholars, in three categories
that a woman can meet and this classification can be named as closest circle of
relatives; a closer circle of relatives and friends; and outsiders and
The closest circle includes closest relatives
only e.g. husband, father, brother, father-in-law, nephews, stepbrothers, small
children etc. A woman usually deals with this category inside her home. In such
a situation, a woman is allowed to appear without any veil before these
relatives. She is also not prohibited to display her beauty before them.
Restrictions on a woman in these conditions are very nominal.
Second category of people includes all
those people set down in verses 31 and 61 of surah Al-Noor. These verses
described the kind of Pardah, which Muslim women are required to observe
strictly. It includes lower of gaze and guard of their modesty, not displaying
their beauty and unnecessary ornaments and should not act to attract others to
them. There arose certain ambiguities in the time of the Holy Prophet regarding
these restrictions, e.g. that the observance of Pardah will end all social contacts
and dependants who did not come under the classifications of mahram (close
relatives) will be left unattended. Another verse in the same surah was
revealed. It states that restriction does not mean end of all social relations.
Close relatives and sincere friends not only can meet with each other but they
can also break bread together.
In all such places, there is no threat to
woman’s chastity, this may include educational institutions, hospitals,
offices, factories and all places where men and women can do work together.
The third category comprises outsiders
and strangers. Usually a woman meets such people in public. It is asserted that
all Muslim women are instructed to remain at home and should not go out unless
In order to protect dignity of the
Prophet, the wives of the Prophet were instructed to remain in their homes.
Moreover, the wives were instructed to
be available in their homes, as their special status and responsibilities
required from them.