After employees are aware of and can

After the incident of an employee losing their sight in
one eye and suffering severe burns after being splashed by a corrosive chemical
that leaked from a storage tank there must be control measures that are put in
place to prevent this from occurring again. 
Initially many aspects of the legalisations were breached and if all the
safety controls are implemented and stuck by they will then satisfy the
legalisation requirements.

 

Control of
Substances Hazardous to Health Regulation 2002

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In order to prevent any further injuries or breaches
against this legalisation; and also adhere to COSHH the company must make sure
that they find all the substances on site that are hazardous to health and
identify their individual hazards.  Once
the hazards are known it makes it easier to start planning the prevention of
any harm that may occur by carrying out risk assessments.  Risk assessments must be kept update and to
hand; it must be kept in a safe location that all employees are aware of and
can access it at any given time.  If
anything changes within the risk assessment it must be made aware to all
employees immediately.  Not only must the
risk assessment be taken out but the company must supply control equipment to
all employees; this will include adequate ventilation or respiratory protective
equipment (RPE), spillage captures and decontamination, clean-up procedures and
any additional PPE that may be required. 
By providing controlled equipment it allows all employees to have a safe
air supply, and procedures in place in case of a spill or leak to try and
protect against any injuries; these must be regularly maintained and check to
ensure they are in working order and an employer must make sure they are being
used. When performing the vital checks on all the control equipment it’s
important to make sure the checks are logged and recorded; this helps in the
identification of similar faults or deterioration trends.

 

Another
major control that will need implementing is the training for all employees;
before being allowed anywhere near the hazardous substances all employees must
have all the information, instructions and adequate training in place.  The training is vital as it shows the
employees how to handle hazardous substances safely, understand about the
exposure limit and gas monitors and also what to do in an emergency
situation.  This training must be backed
up on site with emergency planning precautions made aware to all employees and
kept in appropriate places to ensure all employees and contractors are aware of
the procedures in place.   All records of training must be kept and
updated regularly; if an employee’s training expires they aren’t allowed near
hazardous substances until their training is valid again.  Not only must training be provided but yearly
monitoring and health surveillances must be given to employees, these health
checks are vital in protecting an employee’s health as they can detect any
early changes in health and any risks that may be within the work
environment. 

 

By adhering to these added controls, the company will
follow all the precautions within the legislation as they are clear rules
within the regulation.  The regulation
states that; all hazardous substances must be identified, labelled and stored
efficiently; control measures are provided, maintained and used; and finally training
and information on emergency procedures must be provided to all employees.  If these are adhered to it will reduce the
risk of injury by nearly 60%.
Health and safety First-Aid Regulations
1981

This company stated that at the time of the incident
there wasn’t anyone on the premises that was trained in first aid which
breaches the regulation; in order to reduce the risk of this incident happening
again.  The failure of providing adequate
first aid can result in more severe injuries or even fatalities therefore
control measured should be in place and followed.  The first major control that will need to be
put into operation is the risk aid risk assessment.  The nature of work will need to be taken into
account as this can be the cause for most injuries, the distribution of the
work force and their whereabouts to ensure their safety.  The key to the first aid risk assessment is
judging the remoteness of the site; the day to day weather and terrain
conditions and how many first aiders are available on site and their
whereabouts as they will need to be reached in an emergency.  Safety procedures will need to be present for
lone workers, they will need to log their job, whereabouts and timing and must
contact someone once the job is finished to ensure they are safe and not in any
danger.  Any work that may be carried out
must have the possible injuries listed and be noted accordingly.

 

Another control measure that needs to be implemented is
the initial training required; they must have a minimum of one appointed first
aider, however multiple first aiders are required.  The more trained in first aid or emergency
first aid the better, due to more being able to help and offer guidance in any
medical situation – thus reducing the response time for the individual to gain
medical attention in the case of an emergency. 
The training course must be provided by the employer and it must be a
HSE-approved course.  All employees must
be aware and trained in the emergency procedures; they must also have the
knowledge of who is the first aider if there are only a few appointed first
aiders.  Employees and contractors must
know the location of first boxes – these must be placed central to the site –
which must be stocked appropriately and regularly maintained.

 

Within the Health and Safety First Aid Regulation 1981 it
states that all employers must provide sufficient and relevant equipment with enough
employers first aid trained to provide adequate help to anyone injured or ill.  It also states that all risks must be assessed
by a first aid point of view; these added controls adhere to the regulation and
will improve the company by reducing some hazards that occurred.